Chihuahuan High Desert Ecosystem Chihuahuan High Desert Ecosystem

Chihuahuan High Desert Ecosystem

Volume 4  Land 

Published: March 14, 2019

       

Stretching from the Central Mexican Highlands to three states in the southwestern corner of the United States and covering nearly 175,000 square miles, the Chihuahuan Desert is the largest in North America. This stretch of land is a defining characteristic of the area around West Texas, southern New Mexico, and northern Mexico. The shrubs, grasses, cacti, and wide-open spaces of the Chihuahuan Desert are exactly the land features that come to mind when thinking of this region of the United States.

The Chihuahuan Desert is considered a “cold” desert with temperatures averaging around 70 degrees for the year, however, the temperature fluctuates sharply between day and night and different elevations due to the dry, low humidity climate. This is partially attributed to the high altitude with a minimum of 1,000 feet of elevation and an average of between 3,500 and 5,000 feet. Accordingly, the hottest temperatures are found at the lowest parts of the desert, while the coldest areas have the highest elevation. A typical region could see the heat of the summer reaching over 100 degrees, and winter temperatures dropping below freezing. 

The desert is bordered by the Sierra Madre Mountain Ranges, which creates a rain shadow effect. A rain shadow is an area of land on the side of a mountain range that is protected from inclement weather. The mountain breaks up all of the incoming rain, so one side of the mountain is typically very lush and green, while the opposite is considered in the “shadow” and is much drier. There is a short window over the summer when the area receives most of its rainfall for the year, typically between June and early October. The rest of the year is usually very dry with the region seeing an average around 10 inches for yearly rainfall. Although the area is very dry and receives minimal rainfall, life is sustained through different streams, arroyos, and aquifers. 

The region is host to numerous species of plants, mammals, reptiles, fish, and birds. The animals residing here are very well adapted to the harsh environment and have unique ways of surviving. This large and diverse species population leads to great hunting and fishing opportunities throughout the region. The region boasts populations of mule deer, bighorn sheep, rabbits, Coues deer, foxes, and mountain lions in addition to others. Not only does the region sustain the multitude of native plant and animal species, but it also provides excellent grazing opportunities for livestock. There are a multitude of grasses, native and planted, that are not only drought-resistant, but offer top notch grazing for a variety of animals both domestic and wild. 

The Chihuahuan High Desert is a special feature of North American geography. Whether it is hunting, fishing, planting crops, or raising livestock, this is an ideal area to own land. With its large variety of wildlife, in addition to the unique climate and terrain, the region is one of immense natural beauty and vast wilderness.



Bryan Pickens

Bryan Pickens

Republic Ranches, LLC
Partner | Broker Associate
(214) 552-4417
bryan@republicranches.com



FEATURED PROPERTIES


ARROW RANCH
ARROW RANCH

WISDOM, MONTANA

Known as the Land of 10,000 Haystacks, the Upper Big Hole Valley is quietly famous for its quality hay, incredible scenery, and small-town charm. The Arrow Ranch is one of the most productive ranches in the Upper Big Hole Valley both recreationally and agriculturally. This is not just hyperbole. The Upper Big Hole and specifically the Arrow Ranch is where everything is measured in the thousands, as in tons of hay, trout, and elk.

$38,514,500 | 14,982± Acres

FOLEY BUTTE RANCH
FOLEY BUTTE RANCH

PRINEVILLE, OREGON

Extreme privacy without sacrificing a convenient location in Oregon! This ranch offers premier big game hunting and excellent summer grazing in the Ochoco Mountains, all within driving distance to everything Central Oregon has to offer. With over 140 miles of creeks and streams, beautiful meadows, outstanding timberland, and 8 landowner preference tags for Rocky Mountain bull elk and buck mule deer.

$28,500,000 | 32,376± Acres

Jefferson Springs Ranch
JEFFERSON SPRINGS RANCH

WHITEHALL, MONTANA

This is a complete sportsman’s package with incredible hunting and fishing! Boasting 1.6± miles of Jefferson River frontage to the east, the Tobacco Root Mountains and thousands of acres of contiguous public land make up the western boundary. Forested canyons, rolling hills, and river bottom provide habitat suitable for a variety of wildlife, including moose, elk, mule and white-tailed deer, antelope, upland game birds, and waterfowl. About 400± acres are under center pivot irrigation. Located an hour from Bozeman, Montana, land this size in the Jefferson River valley rarely comes to market.

$17,500,000 | 1,797± Acres





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